A Study of the Relationship Between Teachers’ Perception Towards the Principal’s Transformational Leadership Style and Teachers’ Job Satisfaction at St. John’s Private High School, Pathein, Myanmar
Keywords:Transformational leadership style, Job satisfaction, Teachers’ perception
This study was intended to determine the relationship between teachers’ perceptions towards the principal’s transformational leadership style and teachers’ job satisfaction at St. John’s Private High School, Pathein, Myanmar. The research was quantitative and correlational in design and used the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ). Means and Standard Deviation, and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient were used to analyze the data for testing the hypothesis. The 60 respondents from St. John’s Private High School completed the questionnaire. This study found that the level of teachers’ perception towards the principal’s transformational leadership style was high, the teachers were overall highly satisfied with their job. The result of the Pearson correlation coefficient for the r-value was .675 with a significance value of .001. The result showed that teachers had a positive relationship between the principal’s transformational leadership style and job satisfaction at St. John’s Private High School, Pathein, Myanmar. The study provided the researcher with valuable insight and knowledge into the role of the principal's transformational leadership style and teachers' job satisfaction practiced in the school.
Akdol, B., & Arikboga, F.S. (2015). The Effects of Leader Behavior on Job Satisfaction: A Research on Technology Fast 50 Turkey Companies. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195, 278 – 282.
Anthony, L. (2019). Define Situational Leadership. Retrieved from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/define-situational-leadership-2976.html
Armstrong, M. (2006). A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. (10th ed.). London: Kogan Page.
Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectation. New York: Free Press.
Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2004). Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. Manual and sampler set. (3rd ed.). Redwood City, CA: Mind Garden.
Bavendam, J. (2000). Effective Management through Measurement, Special Reports. Managing Job Satisfaction, 6, Hill Publishing Company Ltd.
Brymer, E., & Gray, T. (2006). Effective leadership: Transformational or transactional? Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 10(2), 13-19.
Burkus, D. (2010). Transformational Leadership Theory. Retrieved from https://davidburkus.com/2010/03/transformational-leadership-theory
Burns, J.M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper & Row.
Chuang, S. F. (2013). Essential Skills for Leadership Effectiveness in Diverse Workplace Development. Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 6(1). Retrieved from https://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1133&context=ojwed
Dubrin, A. J. (2015). Leadership: Research findings, Practice, and Skills. (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Grint, K. (2011). A history of leadership. In A. Bryman, D. Collinson, K. Grint, B. Jackson & M. Uhl-Bien (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of leadership, 3-14. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Hay, I. (2006). Transformational leadership: characteristics and criticisms. E-Journal of Organizational Learning and Leadership, 5. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261725451_Transformational_leadership_characteristics_and_criticisms
Hersey, P., Blanchard, K. H., & Johnson, D. E. (2012). Management of organizational behavior. (10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B., & Snyderman, B. B. (2011). The motivation to work (reprint, revised). New Brunswick (U.S.A) and Landon (U.K): Transaction Publisher.
James, A. O., & Ogbonna, I. G. (2013). Transformational vs. Transactional Leadership Theories: Evidence in Literature . International Review of Management and Business Research, 2, 355-359.
Kennerly, S. M. (1989). Leadership behavior and organizational characteristics: Implications for faculty satisfaction.
Kramer, T. J. ( 2007). Transformational Leadership (2nd ed.) by M. B. Bass & E. G. Riggio. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 10:2, 152-155, DOI: 10.1080/10887150701451312.
Marshall, I. (2015). Principal Leadership Style and Teacher Stress among a Sample of Secondary School Teachers in Barbados. Caribbean Educational Research Journal, 76-90.
Masood, S., Burns, N., & Backhouse, C. (2006). Transformational leadership and organizational culture: The situational strength perspective. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part B Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 220(6), 941-949.
Popham, W. J. (2004). America’s “Failing” Schools: How Parents and Teachers Can Cope With No Child Left Behind . New Your: RoutledgeFalmer.
Pratap, A. (2017). Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory of Motivation: Herzberg’s intrinsic/extrinsic factors (hygiene-motivators). Retrieved from https://notesmatic.com/2016/10/herzbergs-two-factor-theory-motivation/
Robbins, P.S. (2014). Decide and Conquer. Make Winning Decisions and Take Control Your Life. (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. Pearson Education, Inc.
Shann, M.H. (1998). Professional commitment and satisfaction among teachers in urban middle Schools. Journal of Educational Research, 92(2), 67-73.
Tillman, W. R., & Tillman, C. J. (2008). And You Thought It was the Apple: A Study of Job Satisfaction among Teachers. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal. Retrieved from https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-190795469/and-you-thought-it-was-the-apple-a-study-of-job-satisfaction
Voon, M. L., & Ayob, M. C. (2011) The influence of leadership styles on employees' job satisfaction in public sector organization in Malaysia. International Journal of Business, Management & Social Sciences ,2 (1), 24-32.
Ward, S. (2019). Leadership Definition: What’s a good leader? Retrieved from https://www.thebalancesmb.com/leadership-definition-2948275
Weiss, D. J., Dawis, R. V., England, G. W., & Lofquist, L. H. (1967). Manual for the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota.