A Comparative-Correlational Study of Years 4 to 6 and Years 7 to 9 Non- Thai Students’ Motivation and Orientation of Motivation Toward Learning Thai at an International School in Bangkok, Thailand

Sunida Wiriyanusorn, Richard Lynch

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a significant difference between Years 4 to 6 and Years 7 to 9 non-Thai students’ level of motivation toward learning Thai, and to determine if there was a significant association between Years 4 to 6 and Years 7 to 9 non-Thai students’ orientation of motivation toward learning Thai at an international school in Bangkok, Thailand. An adapted version of Gardner’s Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB) was used to collect data from 29 non-Thai students in Years 4 to 6 and 44 non-Thai students in Years 7 to 9 during the second semester of academic Years 2017 – 2018. Descriptive statistics – means, standard deviations, as well as a t-Test, and Pearson’s chisquared test were used to analyze the data. The findings indicated that both Years 4 to 6 and Years 7 to 9 non-Thai students at the target school had slightly low levels of motivation toward learning Thai and both Years 4 to 6 and Years 7 to 9 non-Thai students’ orientation of motivation was instrumental. Motivation for learning Thai between Years 4 to 6 and Years 7 to 9 non-Thai students was not significantly different, while Years 4 to 6 and Years 7 to 9 non-Thai students’ orientation of motivation was found to be significantly associated. Recommendations for school administrators, teachers, and future researchers are provided.


Keywords


Motivation; Orientation of Motivation; Non-Thai Students; Foreign/Second Language Acquisition; Socio-Educational Model; Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB); Bangkok; Thailand.

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