The Relationship Of Attitudes Toward Mathematics And Mathematics Self-Efficacy With Mathematics Achievement Of Grade 10 Students At A Len Bum IDPs High School In Kachin State, Myanmar


  • Zaw June Assumption University of Thailand
  • Suwattana Eamoraphan Ph.D., Associate Professor, Dean, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Assumption University, Thailand.


Attitudes toward Mathematics, Mathematics Self-efficacy, Mathematics Achievement, A Len Bum IDPs High School


The purpose of this study was to determine the level of attitudes toward mathematics, mathematics self-efficacy, mathematics achievement of Grade 10 students at A Len Bum IDPs High School in Kachin State, Myanmar and the relationship among them. The study focused on 200 of Grade 10 students who enrolled in A Len Bum IDPs High School in the academic year 2018-2019. Attitudes toward mathematics questionnaire (ATMQ) and sources of mathematics self-efficacy scale (SMSES) were used as the research tools in this study. For mathematics achievement, mathematics scores from the national test in the academic year 2017-2018 (previous year) of Grade 10 students were considered to determine the level of mathematics achievement in this study. The data obtained by the ATMQ and SMSES was analyzed by descriptive statistics, mean, standard deviation and by inferential statistics, multiple correlation coefficient. The findings of this study were the level of attitudes toward mathematics of Grade 10 students was high, the level of mathematics self-efficacy of Grade 10 students was moderate, and the level of mathematics achievement of Grade 10 students was moderate as well.


Ayotola, A., & Adedeji,T. (2009). The relationship between mathematics self-efficacy and achievement in mathematics. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1, 953-957.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavior change.

Psychological Review. Retrieved from Scjiml2001.html

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory.

Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human

behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy. The exercise of control. NY: Y.H. Freeman and Company.

Bhowmik, M., & Banerjee, B. (2016). A study on relationship between achievements

in mathematics and attitude towards mathematics of secondary school students’. IRA-

International Journal of Education & Multidisciplinary Studies, 3(4), 402-408.

Carey, M. & Forsyth, A. (2014). Teaching Tip Sheet: Self-Efficacy. Retrieved from

Catapano, M. (2013). Tenth-grade high school students’ mathematics self-efficacy,

mathematics anxiety, attitudes toward mathematics, and performance on the New

York state integrated algebra regents examination (Unpublished doctoral

dissertation), Dowling College, Brookhaven, New York, United State of America.

Cook, D. (2017). The importance of self-efficacy, Davis Phinney Foundation. Retrieved from

Evans, B. R. (2011). Content knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy in the mathematics

New York City Teaching Fellows (NYCTF) program. School Science & Mathematics,

(5), 225-235.

Hendricks, K. S. (2015). The sources of self-efficacy: Educational research and implications

for music. National Association for Music Education, 35(1) 32–38.

Hogg, M., & Vaughan, G. (2005). Social psychology (4th edition). London: Prentice-Hall.

Kundu, A., & Ghose, A. (2016). The relationship between attitude towards and achievement

in mathematics among higher secondary student. International Journal of

Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 6(3), 69-74.

Larsen, J. (2013). Attitude in mathematics: A thematic literature review. Retrieved from

Loo, C.W., & Choy, J.L.F. (2013). Sources of self-efficacy influencing academic

performance of engineering students. American Journal of Educational Research,

(1), 86-92.

Maio, G. R., & Haddock, G. (2010). The psychology of attitudes and attitude change (1st

edition). London, England: SAGE.

McLeod, D. B. (1992). Research on affect in mathematics education: A reconceptualization.

In D. A. Grouws (Ed.), Handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning,


Mubeen, S., Saeed, S., & Arif, M. (2013). Attitiude towards mathematics and achademic

achievement in mathematics among secondary level boys and girls. IOSR Journal Of

Humanities and Social Science (JHSS), 4(6), 38-41.

Neil, J. (2005). Definitions of various self-constructs: Self-esteem, self-efficacy, self-

confidence and self-concept. Retrieved from

Nicolaidou, M., & Philippou, G. (2003). Attitudes towards mathematics, self-efficacy and

achievement in problem solving. European Research in Mathematics Education III.

Pisa:University of Pisa, 1-11.

Ochieng, M. (2015). Self-efficacy and academic achievement among secondary schools in

Kenya: mathematics perspective (Unpublished master thesis), University of Nairobi,


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2005). PISA 2003 Technical

Report. Retrieved from


Pajares, F. (1996). Self-efficacy beliefs in achievement settings. Review of Educational

Research, 66, 543-578.

Pajares, F. (2006). Self-efficacy during children and adolescence: Implications for teachers

and parents. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescent (pp.

-367). Greenwich, CT: Information Age.

Perez, D., & Yan, Y. (2013). The relationship between mathematics self-efficacy and

mathematics achievement of mathayomsuksa students in the English program of St.

Joseph Bangna school. Scholar, 2(5), 82-92. Retrieved from

Taat, M. S., & Rozario, G. D. (2014). The influence of academic attitude and self-efficacy

towards students' achievement in private higher learning institution, Malaysia.

International Journal of Arts and Commerce, 6(3), 41-50.

Turgut, M. (2013). Academic self-efficacy beliefs of undergraduate mathematics education

students. Acta Didactica Napocensia, 6(1), 33-40.

Usher, E. L., & Pajares F. (2009). Sources of self-efficacy in mathematics: A validation

study. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 34(1), 89-101.

Zulekha, N., & Aqil. A. (2015). Mathematics achievement of 9th standard student in relation

to their gender and attitude towards mathematics. International Journal of Applied

Research, 1(10), 871-877.




How to Cite

June, Z., & Eamoraphan, S. (2019). The Relationship Of Attitudes Toward Mathematics And Mathematics Self-Efficacy With Mathematics Achievement Of Grade 10 Students At A Len Bum IDPs High School In Kachin State, Myanmar. Scholar: Human Sciences, 11(2), 180. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3 4 > >>