Influence of Coping Style on Life Satisfaction Among Vietnamese Undergraduates of Psychology, Mediated by Stress, Anxiety, and Depression


  • Vu Anh Tran Assumption University
  • Natalie Chantagul Ph.D., Graduate School of Human Sciences, Assumption University, Thailand.


Coping Styles, Life Satisfaction, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Viet Nam, Psychology Students


This study investigated (1) the direct influence of coping style on life satisfaction; (2) the indirect influences of coping style on life satisfaction, being mediated by depression, anxiety, and stress; and (3) gender differences in coping style, life satisfaction, depression, anxiety, and stress on a sample of 510 Vietnamese undergraduates of psychology in Ho Chi Minh city. Vietnamese-translated versions of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and a researcherconstructed demographic questionnaire were employed for data collection. Reliability test, the t-test, and multiple regression analysis were used in data analysis. Results revealed that problem-focused coping and avoidance-focused coping were positively related to life satisfaction while emotion-focused coping was found to be negatively correlated with life satisfaction. Furthermore, problem-focused coping was found to be negatively correlated with depression, anxiety, and stress, whereas emotion-focused coping was found to be positively correlated with the three emotive variables. Avoidance-focused coping was negatively correlated with depression. In terms of testing indirect relationship hypothesis, the regression analysis showed that there was an indirect influence of emotion-focused coping and voidance-focused coping on Vietnamese psychology undergraduate students’ life satisfaction, being mediated by their reported level of depression. Additionally, no significant gender differences were found in problem-focused coping, depression, anxiety, stress, and life satisfaction. In contrast, there were significant gender differences in emotionfocused coping and avoidance-focused coping such that Vietnamese female students of psychology tended to employ emotion-focused coping and avoidance-focused coping more than their male counterparts.


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