Influence of Coping Style on Life Satisfaction Among Vietnamese Undergraduates of Psychology, Mediated by Stress, Anxiety, and Depression


  • Vu Anh Tran Assumption University
  • Natalie Chantagul Ph.D., Graduate School of Human Sciences, Assumption University, Thailand.


Coping Styles, Life Satisfaction, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Viet Nam, Psychology Students


This study investigated (1) the direct influence of coping style on life satisfaction; (2) the indirect influences of coping style on life satisfaction, being mediated by depression, anxiety, and stress; and (3) gender differences in coping style, life satisfaction, depression, anxiety, and stress on a sample of 510 Vietnamese undergraduates of psychology in Ho Chi Minh city. Vietnamese-translated versions of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and a researcherconstructed demographic questionnaire were employed for data collection. Reliability test, the t-test, and multiple regression analysis were used in data analysis. Results revealed that problem-focused coping and avoidance-focused coping were positively related to life satisfaction while emotion-focused coping was found to be negatively correlated with life satisfaction. Furthermore, problem-focused coping was found to be negatively correlated with depression, anxiety, and stress, whereas emotion-focused coping was found to be positively correlated with the three emotive variables. Avoidance-focused coping was negatively correlated with depression. In terms of testing indirect relationship hypothesis, the regression analysis showed that there was an indirect influence of emotion-focused coping and voidance-focused coping on Vietnamese psychology undergraduate students’ life satisfaction, being mediated by their reported level of depression. Additionally, no significant gender differences were found in problem-focused coping, depression, anxiety, stress, and life satisfaction. In contrast, there were significant gender differences in emotionfocused coping and avoidance-focused coping such that Vietnamese female students of psychology tended to employ emotion-focused coping and avoidance-focused coping more than their male counterparts.


Ash, C., & Huebner, E. S. (1998). Life satisfaction reports of gifted middle-school children. School Psychology Quarterly, 13, 310–321.

Aycock, K. J. (2011). Coping resources, coping styles, mastery, social support, and depression in male and female college students (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations. Paper 60. Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Bataineh, M. Z. (2013). Academic stress among undergraduate students: The case of education faculty at King Saud University. International Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 2(1), 82–88.

Bouteyre, E., Maurel, M., & Bernaud, J. (2007). Daily hassles and depressive symptoms among first year psychology students in France: The role of coping and social support. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 23(2), 93–99. doi: 10.1002/smi.1125

Cassaretto, M., Chau, C., Oblitas, H., & Valdés, N. (2003). Estrés y afrontamiento en estudiantes de psicología [Stress and coping among psychology students]. Revista De Psicología PUCP, 21(2), 363–392.

Curran, T. A., Gawley, E., Casey, P., Gill, M., & Crumlish, N. (1985). Depression, suicidality and alcohol abuse among medical and business students. Irish Medical Journal, 102, 249-52.

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction With Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75. Duong, M. Q. (2015). University experiences and satisfaction of Vietnamese university students. Journal of Studies in Education, 5(4), 90–99.

Duong, M. Q. (2016). The factors influencing student satisfaction in Vietnamese higher education. International Research in Education, 4(1), 27–38.

Eisenberg, D., Gollust, S. E., Golberstein, E., & Hefner, J. L. (2007). Prevalence and correlates of depression, anxiety, and suicidality among university students. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77(4), 534–542. doi: 10.1037/0002-9432.77.4.534

Endler, N. S., & Parker, J. D. A. (1990b). The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS): Manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems Inc.

Endler, N. S., & Parker, J. D. A. (1994). Assessment of multidimensional coping: Task, emotion, and avoidance strategies. Psychological Assessment, 6, 50–60. doi: 10. 1037/ 1040-3590.6.1.50

Gallo-Belluzzo, S. R., Corbett, E., & Aiello-Vaisberg, T. M. J. (2013). The first experience of clinical practice on psychology students' imaginary 1. Paideía, 23(56), 389. doi: 10.1590/1982-43272356201313

Gustems-Carnicer, J., & Calderon, C. (2013). Coping strategies and psychological well-being among teacher education students. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28(4), 1127–1140. doi: 10.1007/s10212-012-0158-x

Izard, C. E. (1971). The face of emotion. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Lay, C., & Nguyen, T. (1998). The role of acculturation-related and acculturation non-specific daily hassles: Vietnamese-Canadian students and psychological distress. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 30(3), 172–181.

Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Lazarus, R. S., & Lazarus, B. N. (2006). Coping with aging. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (2nd ed). Sydney: Psychology Foundation. ISBN 7334-1423-0

Milena, R. (2015). The connection between perfectionism and anxiety in university students. Sanamed, 10(3), 199–203. doi: doi:10.5937/sanamed1503199R

Nelson, N. G., Dell'Oliver, C., Koch, C., & Buckler, R. (2001). Stress, coping, and success among graduate students in clinical psychology. Psychological Reports, 88(3), 759–767.

Nguyen, T. H., & Nguyen, D. B. (2009). Các kiểu ứng phó với Stress trong học tập của sinh viên đại học quốc gia Hà Nội [The styles of coping with academic stress among students of Ha Noi National University]. Tạp chí tâm lý học [Journal of Psychology], 120(3), 41–46.

Parker, J. D. A., & Endler, N. S. (1992). Coping with coping assessment: A critical review. European Journal of Psychology, 6(5), 321–344.

Pavot, W. G., Diener, E., Colvin, C. R., & Sandvik, E. (1991). Further validation of the Satisfaction With Life Scale: Evidence for the cross-method convergence of well-being measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57(1), 149–161.

Plotnik, R., & Kouyoumdjian, H. (2011). Introduction to psychology (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Rummell, C. M. (2015). An exploratory study of psychology graduate student workload, health, and program satisfaction. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 46(6), 391–399.

Selye, H. (1936). A syndrome produced by diverse nocuous agents. Nature, 138(3479), 32.

Selye, H. (1956). The stress of life. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.

Selye, H. (1976). The stress of life (Rev. Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Smith, T., & Renk, K. (2007). Predictors of academic-related stress in college students: An examination of coping, social support, parenting, and anxiety. NASPA Journal, 44(3), 405–431.

Swick, K. J. (1987). Student stress: A classroom management system. Analysis and Action Series. Washington, DC: National Education Association.

Tran, D. T. (2009). Ảnh hưởng của đào tạo nghề tâm lí học đến hiệu quả. Tạp chí tâm lý học [Journal of Psychology], 4.

Tyrrell, J. (1992). Sources of stress among psychology undergraduates. The Irish Journal of Psychology, 13(2), 184–192.

Veenhoven, R. (1996). The study of life satisfaction. In W. E. Saris, R. Veenhoven, A. C. Scherpenzeel, & B. Bunting (Eds.), A comparative study of satisfaction with life in Europe (pp. 11–48). Budapest: Eötvös University Press.

Willner, P. (1985). Depression: A psychobiological synthesis. New York: John Wiley and Sons.




How to Cite

Tran, V. A., & Chantagul, N. (2018). Influence of Coping Style on Life Satisfaction Among Vietnamese Undergraduates of Psychology, Mediated by Stress, Anxiety, and Depression. Scholar: Human Sciences, 10(2), 174. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)