Development of a Service-Learning Model Based on Blended Learning Method to Enhance Critical Thinking for Students in Higher Education


  • Suphamart Phakakat Ph.D., Educational and Technology, Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL). And lecturer at Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University Maesot, Tak
  • Sirirat Petsangsri Ed.D., Assistant. Prof., Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL)


Service-Learning, Blended Learning Method, Critical Thinking, Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University


The purpose of this research was to develop a service-learning model based on blended learning method to enhance the critical thinking for students in higher education. A content analysis was performed on papers collected from the literature related to this kind of model. The findings from the analysis were used to construct a draft model. Then, the draft model was evaluated by 5 experts in instructional management with an evaluation form for analyzing data collected from a focus group discussion of those experts, and the results were used to construct the final model. The statistics used in the analysis were mean ( ), standard deviation (S.D.) and percentage.  The draft model achieved a high level of appropriateness of  = 4.29 with S.D. = 0.46 from the experts’ evaluation. Both the draft and final models consisted of 5 components: 1) collaboration, 2) preparation, 3) process, 4) assessment and 5) reflection, but the final model  incorporated suggestions from the focus group discussion regarding instruction method, process learning and community selection.


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How to Cite

Phakakat, S., & Petsangsri, S. (2021). Development of a Service-Learning Model Based on Blended Learning Method to Enhance Critical Thinking for Students in Higher Education. Scholar: Human Sciences, 13(1), 164-175. Retrieved from