Space Learning Model for Flipped Classroom: Startup to Improve Learning and Innovation Skills in Higher Education
Keywords:Learning Management, Learning and Innovation Skills, Higher Education
This research objectives were to: (1)study the problems of current learning management from five instructors teaching in Software Engineering course by using a semi-structured interview form and the in-depth interviews; (2) examine the level of opinion of 204 students who had studied a Software Engineering course, related to the problems of learning management and learning behaviour in higher education; and (3)find the guidelines for a model of learning management from seven experts on education by using focus group discussions. The data were analysed through the content analysis and descriptive statistics. The findings showed that instructors lacked a variety of processes to transfer knowledge and lacked the motivation to encourage students to acquire learning and innovation skills. The opinions of the students indicated a problem in the measurement and evaluation that emphasised only the final examination, a lack of effective communication in interactions between the students and the instructor in the classroom, and a lack of practice in thinking and problem-solving skills, both in and outside the classroom. The behaviour of the students showed that there was a problem in the students’ preparation before class, as well as a lack of knowledge application. From the results of this research, a model for learning management in 5 steps was obtained, including Stimulation, Peer Coaching, Action, Construct Skills and Evaluation.