The Development of a Strategic Leadership Model for Teacher Instructional Competencies at the Private Higher Education Institutions in Mindanao, Philippines

Authors

  • Haide Mallorca Estudillo Assumption University of Thailand
  • Nathara Mhunpiew Ph.D. Faculty Member in Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Administration and Leadership Program, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Assumption University

Keywords:

Strategic Leadership, Teacher Instructional Competencies, Private Higher Education Institutions

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to develop a strategic leadership model for teacher instructional competencies at the private higher education institutions in Mindanao, Philippines. To achieve the six objectives of the study, the researcher employed the exploratory mixed-method research design by collecting substantial qualitative data from sources such as books, journals, online sources, and an interview. While the quantitative research design by collecting data using the survey questionnaire. There were 229 teachers and seven school leaders from private higher education institutions in Mindanao, Philippines, who participated in the study.   Frequency counts, Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, and Multiple Regression were used to analyze quantitative data, while a content (thematic) analysis used for qualitative data or interviews. The findings of the current strategic leadership practices of school leaders, as perceived by teachers are interpreted as highTeachers find the Instructional Practices of the school leaders as high, while school leaders revealed most of their strategic leadership practices focused on Human Resource Management Practice. The current instructional competencies, as perceived by teachers, are interpreted as high. Among the three themes, teachers find their Personal Competence as high. While school leaders give priority to the development of teachers' Professional Competence.  The seven factors affecting the strategic leadership practices of school leaders perceived by teachers as high. The top three factors include Organizational Culture, Organizational Values, and Leadership Competence. While, in the interview with school leaders, essential factors affecting strategic leadership practices include Resource Allocation, Teacher Satisfaction, and Teacher Commitment. A substantial positive relationship revealed between strategic leadership practices and teachers' instructional competencies of private higher education institutions. The researcher developed the strategic leadership model for teacher instructional competencies and validated by 12 experts. The model comprises of two major levels derived from the Multiple Regression test results as Leadership Competence with a p-value of 0.000 and Organizational Values with a p-value of 0.014 as significant factors. 

References

Ab Hamid, M. R. (2014). Value-based performance excellence model for higher education institutions. Quality & Quantity, 49(5), 1919-1944. doi:10.1007/s11135-014-0082-z Ab Hamid, M. R. (2014). Value-based performance excellence model for higher education institutions. Quality & Quantity, 49(5), 1919-1944. doi:10.1007/s11135-014-0082-z

Alderite, T.O, Busquit, P.F., & Mejica, D.L. (2008). Instructional competencies of Holy Cross of Davao college education faculty assessed through the National Competency-Based Teacher Standard (NCBTS). Philippine Educational Journals, 10(1). Retrieved from https://ejournals.kite.ph/article.php?id=567.

Androniceanu, A., Ristea, B., & Uda, M. M. (2015). Leadership Competencies for Project Based School Management Success. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 182, 232-238. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.760

Azuelo, A. G., Sariana, L. G., & Manual, A. (2015). Science Teachers’ Teaching Competencies and Their Training Experience in Classroom Pedagogical Approaches. Liceo Journal of Higher Education Research, 11(1). doi:10.7828/ljher. v11i1.886

Alqiawi, D. A., & Ezzeldin, S. M. (2015). A Suggested Model for Developing and Assessing Competence of Prospective Teachers in Faculties of Education. World Journal of Education, 5(6). doi:10.5430/wje. v5n6p65

Anitha, J., & Reema, P. M. (2014). Interaction of competencies and commitment of higher education teachers. TSM Business Review, 2(2), 13-27. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ajay_Massand/publication/272162587_Foreign_Direct_Investment_in_Indian_Banking_Sector_Trends_Opportunities_and_Impact/links/5c11e3c0299bf139c754970a/Foreign-Direct-Investment-in-Indian-Banking-Sector-Trends-Opportunities-and-Impact.pdf.

Basari, G., Altinay, Z., Dagli, G., & Altinay, F. (2016). Assessment of the Quality Management Models in Higher Education. Journal of Education and Learning, 5(3), 107. doi:10.5539/jel. v5n3p107

Basco, M. A. (2017). Assessment of the Instructional Competence of College Science Teachers in a Selected University. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE), 4(10), 59-62. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2349-0381.0410008.

Bland, P., Church, E., & Luo, M. (2014). Strategies for Attracting and Retaining Teachers. Administrative Issues Journal: Education, Practice, and Research, 4(1). doi:10.5929/2014.4.1.2

Bellibaş, M. Ş. (2015). Principals’ and teachers’ perceptions of efforts by principals to improve teaching and learning in Turkish middle schools. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 15(6). doi:10.12738/estp.2016.1.0009

Bernuus, M., Wilson, A., & Gardner, R. C. (2009). Teachers’ motivation, classroom strategy use, students’ motivation and second language achievement. AmlainnugeulaVruemz,12, 25-36. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/Hp/Downloads/dcart.pdf.

Bitterová, M., Hašková, A., & Pisoňová, M. (2014). School Leader's Competencies in Management Area. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 149, 114-118. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.08.170

Brazer, S. D., & Bauer, S. C. (2013). Preparing Instructional Leaders. Educational Administration Quarterly, 49(4), 645-684. doi:10.1177/0013161x13478977

Brimhall, C. L. (2014). Leadership Strategies in High Performing Community Colleges: A Qualitative Phenomenological Study (3614176) (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (3614176).

Choy, D., Wong, A. F., Lim, K. M., & Chong, S. (2013). Beginning Teachers’ Perceptions of their Pedagogical Knowledge and Skills in Teaching: A Three-Year Study. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 38(5). doi:10.14221/ajte.2013v38n5.6

Darling-Hammond, L. (2003). Keeping good teachers: Why it matters and what leaders can do. Educational Leadership, 60(8), 6-13. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/may03/vol60/num08/Keeping-Good-Teachers@-Why-It-Matters,-What-Leaders-Can-Do.aspx.

Day, C., & Sammons, P. (2013). Successful leadership: A review of the international literature. Retrieved from CfBT Education Trust (United Kingdom) website: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED546806.pdf.

Drew, G. (2010). Issues and challenges in higher education leadership: Engaging for change. The Australian Educational Researcher, 37(3), 57-76. doi:10.1007/bf03216930.

Drugus, D., & Landoy, A. (2014). Leadership in higher education. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov, 7(56). Retrieved from http://webbut.unitbv.ro/BU2014/Series%20V/BULETIN%20V/III-05_DRUGUS.pdf.

Emmanouil, K., Osia, A., & Ioanna, L. P. (2014). The impact of leadership on teachers’ effectiveness. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4(1). Retrieved from http://www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_4_No_7_1_May_2014/5.pdf.

Floden, R. E., Richmond, G., Drake, C., & Petchauer, E. (2017). How Teacher Education Can Elevate Teacher Quality: Evidence from Research. Journal of Teacher Education, 68(4), 360-362. doi:10.1177/0022487117721190

Garcia, M. R., Junyent, M., & Fonolleda, M. (2017). How to assess professional competencies in Education for Sustainability? International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 18(5), 772-797. doi:10.1108/ijshe-03-2016-0055

Garwe, E. C. (2014). The effect of institutional leadership on quality of higher education provision. Research in Higher Education Journal, 22. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1064082.pdf.

Gemeda, F. T., & Tynjälä, P. (2015). Professional Learning of Teachers in Ethiopia: Challenges and Implications for Reform. Australian Journal of Teacher Educ01ation, 40(5). DOI:10.14221/ajte.2015v40n5.1

Goh, P. S. (2011). The Malaysian Teacher Standards: a look at the challenges and implications for teacher educators. Educational Research for Policy and Practice, 11(2), 73-87. doi:10.1007/s10671-011-9107-8

Han, X. (2012). Big moves to improve the quality of teacher education in China. On the Horizon, 20(4), 324-335. doi:10.1108/10748121211272461

Hassan, A., Gallear, D., & Sivarajah, U. (2018). Critical factors affecting leadership: a higher education context. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 12(1), 110-130. doi:10.1108/tg-12-2017-0075

Hitt, M. A., Haynes, K. T., & Serpa, R. (2010). Strategic leadership for the 21st century. Business Horizons, 53(5), 437-444. doi: 10.1016/j.bushor.2010.05.004

Imam, A., Abbasi, A. S., Muneer, S., & Qadri, M. M. (2013). Organizational culture and performance of higher educational institutions: the mediating role of individual readiness for change. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(20). Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/Hp/Downloads/7295-9450-1-PB%20(1).pdf.

Ireland, R. D., & Hitt, M. A. (2005). Achieving and maintaining strategic competitiveness in the 21st century: The role of strategic leadership. Academy of Management Executive, 19(4), 63 – 77. doi:10.5465/AME.2005.19417908

Johnson, M. A. (2017). Contemporary higher education reform in Ecuador: Implications for faculty recruitment, hiring, and retention. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 25, 68. doi:10.14507/epaa.25.2794.

Jolaee, A., Md Nor, K., Khani, N., & Md Yusoff, R. (2014). Factors affecting knowledge sharing intention among academic staff. International Journal of Educational Management, 28(4), 413-431. doi:10.1108/ijem-03-2013-0041

Jorge, C. (2011, September 2). Teacher education challenges. Philippine Daily Inquirer [Manila]. Retrieved from http://opinion.inquirer.net/11189/tertiary-education-challenges.

Karimi, F. K. (2014). Didactic competencies among teaching staff of universities in Kenya. International Journal of Higher Education, 3(2). doi:10.5430/ijhe. v3n2p28

Kowalczyk, S. J., & Pawlish, M. J. (2002). Corporate branding through external perception of organizational culture. Corporate Reputation Review, 5(2-3), 159-174. DOI: 10.1057/palgrave.crr.1540172.

Lammers, W. J., & Murphy, J. J. (2002). A Profile of Teaching Techniques Used in the University Classroom. Active Learning in Higher Education, 3(1), 54-67. doi:10.1177/1469787402003001005.

Latham, J. R. (2013). A framework for leading the transformation to performance excellence part II: CEO perspectives on leadership behaviors, individual leader characteristics, and organizational culture. Quality Management Journal, 20(3), 19-40. doi:10.1080/10686967.2013.11918354

Leithwood, K.L. & Riehl, G. (2003) What we know about successful school leadership. National College for school leadership. Philadelphia, P.A.: Laboratory for Student Success.

Mahajan, R., Agrawal, R., Sharma, V., & Nangia, V. (2014). Factors affecting quality of management education in India. International Journal of Educational Management, 28(4), 379-399. doi:10.1108/ijem-10-2012-0115

Malechwanzi, J. M., Lei, H., & Wang, L. (2016). Students’ perceptions and faculty measured competencies in higher education. International Journal of Higher Education, 5(3). doi:10.5430/ijhe. v5n3p56

Mathur, A., & Mehta, A. (2015). Factors affecting Job Satisfaction among employees of Higher Education: A Case Study. Journal of Strategic Human Resource Management, 4(1). doi:10.21863/jshrm/2015.4.1.006

McClure, K. R., & Teitelbaum, K. (2016). Leading schools of education in the context of academic capitalism: Deans’ responses to state policy changes. Policy Futures in Education, 14(6), 793-809. doi:10.1177/1478210316653690

Miles, K.H., & Frank, S. (2008). The strategic school: Making the most people, time, and money. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Nir, A. E. (2002). School-based management and its effect on teacher commitment. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 5(4), 323-341. doi:10.1080/13603120210134616

Osseo‐Asare, A. E., Longbottom, D., & Murphy, W. D. (2005). Leadership best practices for sustaining quality in UK higher education from the perspective of the EFQM Excellence Model. Quality Assurance in Education, 13(2), 148-170. doi:10.1108/09684880510594391

Otara, A. (2015). Academic Dean and the Challenges of Meeting Changing Expectations within a Competitive Higher Education Environment in Africa. Creative Education, 06(02), 134-143. doi:10.4236/ce.2015.62012

Palmer, D. (2015). Maintaining the Balance: Creative Practices in University-School Partnerships for Teacher Education. Creative Education, 6, 1530-1535. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2015.614153

Parkes, K. A. (2015). The Evaluation of Music Faculty in Higher Education: Current Practices. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 27(1), 119-129. Retrieved from http://www.isetl.org/ijtlhe/pdf/IJTLHE1941.pdf.

Pineida, F. O. (2011). Competencies for the 21st Century: Integrating ICT to Life, School and Economic Development. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 28, 54-57. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.011

Pisapia J. (2009). The strategic leader new tactics for a globalizing world. Charlotte, North Carolina: Information Age Publishing.

Rothwell, W. J., Chee, P., & Ooi, J. (2016). The leader’s daily role in talent management: Maximizing results, engagement, and retention. Singapore: McGraw- Hill Education Asia.

Schleicher, A. (2012). Preparing Teachers and Developing School Leaders for the 21st Century: Lessons from around the World. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264 174559-en.

Shibru, S., Bibiso, M., & Ousman, K. (2017). Assessment of factor affecting institutional performance: The case of Wolaita Sodo University. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(7). Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1137549.pdf.

Sugumar, V. R. (2009). Competency mapping of teachers in tertiary education. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED506207.

Sultana, N., Yousuf, M. I., Din, M. N., & Rehman, S. (2009). The higher the quality of teaching the higher the quality of education. Contemporary Issues in Education Research (CIER), 2(3), 59-64. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?q=The+higher+the+quality+of+teaching+the+higher+the+quality+of+education&id=EJ1056905.

Suhaemi, M. E., & Aedi, N. (2015). A Management Strategy for the Improvement of Private Universities Lecturers’ Professional Competences. International Education Studies, 8(12), 241. doi:10.5539/ies. v8n12p241

Summers, D. C. (2005). Quality Management: Creating and Sustaining Organizational Effectiveness. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Taylor, J., & De Lourdes Machado, M. (2006). Higher education leadership and management: From conflict to interdependence through strategic planning. Tertiary Education and Management, 12(2), 137-160. doi:10.1080/13583883.2006.996716

Taylor, S. (2003). The roles of a director, cooperative education: leading, managing and administration. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 4(1), 19-23. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.576.5188&rep=rep1&type=pdf.

Vanden Bos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Verhaegen, P. (2005). Academic talent: Quo Vadis? Recruitment and retention of faculty in European business schools. Journal of Management Development, 24(9), 807-818. doi:10.1108/02621710510621312

Watson, A., & Hatton, N. (2002). Teachers in mid-career: professional perceptions and preferences. Report for the inquiry into the provision of public education in NSW. Sydney: NSW Teacher Federation.

Zhao, Y. (2010). Preparing Globally Competent Teachers: A New Imperative for Teacher Education. Journal of Teacher Education, 61(5), 422-431. doi:10.1177/0022487110375802

Zhu, C., & Engels, N. (2013). Organizational culture and instructional innovations in higher education. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 42(1), 136-158. doi:10.1177/1741143213499253

Downloads

Published

2021-05-28