A Study of the Relationship Between Lecturers’ Perceptions Towards Charismatic Leadership and Their Organizational Commitment in the School of Life Sciences at a University in Yunnan, China
Keywords:Lecturer, Charismatic Leadership, Organizational Commitment
The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between lecturers’ perceptions towards charismatic leadership and their organizational commitment in the School of Life Sciences at a university in Yunnan, China. The study was conducted on 105 full time lecturers in 2020 (March to August) from the selected school. The main data collection tool was a questionnaire. The researcher used Mean and Standard Deviation to analyze the lecturers’ perceptions towards charismatic leadership and their organizational commitment. Pearson Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation was used to test the relationship between the two variables. The result of this study showed that the level of lecturers’ perceptions towards charismatic leadership was at a high level, total mean scored 3.74. The organizational commitment variable mean scored 3.65 in overall, regarded as high level. Results of the Pearson correlation indicated that there was a weak positive association between charismatic leadership and organizational commitment, (r (98) = .401, p = .000).
Barling, J., Weber, T., & Kelloway, E. K. (1996). Effects of Transformational Leadership Training on Attitudinal and Financial Outcomes: A Field Experiment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(6), 827.
Becker, H. S. (1960). Notes on the Concept of Commitment. American Journal of Sociology, 66(1), 32-40.
Becker, T. E. (1992). Foci and Bases of Commitment: Are They Distinctions Worth Making? Academy of Management Journal, 35(1), 232-244.
Cohen, A. (1996). On the Discriminant Validity of the Meyer and Allen Measure of Organizational Commitment: How Does It Fit With the Work Commitment Construct? Educational and Psychological Measurement, 56(3), 494-503.
Collins, C. J., & Smith, K. G. (2006). Knowledge Exchange and Combination: The Role of Human Resource Practices in the Performance of High-Technology Firms. Academy of Management Journal, 49, 544–560.
Conger, J. A., & Kanungo, R. N. (1987). Toward A Behavioral Theory of Charismatic Leadership in Organizational Settings. Academy of Management Review, 12(4), 637-647.
Conger, J. A., & Kanungo, R. N. (1998 a). Evolution of the Field. In Charismatic Leadership in Organizations. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi:10.4135/9781452204932.n1,3-34.
Conger, J. A., & Kanungo, R. N. (1998 b).Measurement and Empirical Validity. In Charismatic Leadership in Organizations.Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi:10.4135/9781452204932.n3,71-118.
Conger, J. A., Kanungo, R. N., & Menon, S. T. (2000). Charismatic Leadership and Follower Effects. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 21(7), 747-767.
Conger, J. A., Kanungo, R. N., Menon, S. T., & Mathur, P. (1997). Measuring Charisma: Dimensionality and Validity of the Conger‐Kanungo Scale of Charismatic Leadership. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne Des Sciences De l'Administration, 14(3), 290-301.
Council, N. R. (2012). Education For Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century: National Academies Press.
Dvir, T., Kass, N., & Shamir, B. (2004). The Emotional Bond: Vision and Organizational Commitment Among High‐Tech Employees. Journal of Organizational Change Management.
Holloway, K. (2012). An Examination of the Relationship Between Charismatic Leadership and Job Satisfaction. (3542615 Ph.D.), Capella University, Ann Arbor. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1151827027?accountid=8401 ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database.
Jiang, K., Lepak, D. P., Hu, J., & Baer, J. C. (2012). How Does Human Resource Management Influenceorganizational Outcomes? A Meta- Analytic Investigation of Mediating Mechanisms. Academy of Manage-Ment Journal, 55, 1264–1294.
Kamaylar. (2016). The Relationship between Teachers’ Organization Commitment and Job Satisfaction at N0.2 Basic Education High School. Master’s Thesis. Assumption University of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand.
Kets De Vries, M. F. R. (1988). Origins of Charisma: Ties that Bind the Leader and the Led. in J. A. Conger & R. N. Kanungo, The Jossey-Bass Management Series. Charismatic Leadership: The Elusive Factor in Organizational Effectiveness, 237–252.
Khilji, S. E., Davis, E. B., & Cseh, M. (2010). Building Competitive Advantage in A Global Environment: Leadership and the Mindset. Advances in International Management, 23, 353-373.
Lowe, W. A. (2000). An Examination of the Relationship Between Leadership Practices and Organizational Commitment in the Fire Service. Nova Southeastern University.
Mahmood, Z., Basharat, M., & Bashir, Z. (2012). Review of Classical Management Theories. International Journal of Social Sciences & Education, 2(1).
McClean, E., & Collins, C. J. (2019). Expanding the Concept of Fit in Strategic Human Resource Management: An Examination of the Relationship Between Human Resource Practices and Charismatic Leadership on Organizational Outcomes. Human Resource Management, 58(2), 187-202.
McElroy, E. J. (2005). Teachers Want What Students Need. Teaching PreK-8, 35(7), 6.
Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991). A Three-Component Conceptualization of Organizational Commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89.
Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1997). Introduction. In Commitment in the Workplace: Theory, Research, and Application.Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781452231556.n1,1-7.
Michaelis, B., Stegmaier, R., & Sonntag, K. (2009). Affective Commitment to Change and Innovation Implementation Behavior: The Role of Charismatic Leadership and Employees’ Trust in Top Management. Journal of Change Management, 9(4), 399-417.
Ministry of Education, P. R. China. (2000). Reform Trends of Education in China from 1998 to 1999. Beijing: Department of International Cooperation and Exchange, Ministry of Education, P. R. China.
Mowday, R. T. (1998). Reflections on the Study and Relevance of Organizational Commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 8(4), 387-401.
Mowday, R. T., Porter, L. W., & Steers, R. (1982). Organizational Linkages: The Psychology of Commitment, Absenteeism, and Turnover. In: San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Natriello, G. (2007). Imagining, Seeking, Inventing: The Future of Learning and the Emerging Discovery Networks. Learning Inquiry, 1(1), 7-18.
Norizan, I. (2012). Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction Among Staff of Higher Learning Education Institutions in Kelantan. Universiti Utara Malaysia.
Powell, D. M., & Meyer, J. P. (2004). Side-Bet Theory and the Three-Component Model of Organizational Commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(1), 157-177.
Shastri, R., Mishra, K. S., & Sinha, A. (2010). Charismatic Leadership and Organizational Commitment: An Indian Perspective. African Journal of Business Management, 4(10), 1946.
Snape, E., Lo, C. W.-h., & Redman, T. (2008). The Three-Component Model of Occupational Commitment: A Comparative Study of Chinese and British Accountants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39(6), 765-781.
Somech, A., & Bogler, R. (2002). Antecedents and Consequences of Teacher Organizational and Professional Commitment. Educational Administration Quarterly, 38(4), 555-577.
Valesky, T., & Hirth, M. (1992). Survey of the States: Special Education Knowledge Requirements for School Administrators. Exceptional Children, 58(2), 396-406.
Weber, M. (1964). The Theory of Social and Economic Organizations, Transl. by AM Henderson, and Talcott Parsons. Free Press, 358-359.