Thailand’s Ageing Policy in Active Ageing Perspectives

Main Article Content

Euamporn Phijaisanit


Approaching a completely aged society, the Thai government attempts to promote active ageing in the elderly population. This article assesses Thailand’s ageing schemes in the perspectives of Active Ageing Index (AAI). AAI is a composite index which reflects the overall living wellness of the elderly, covering their characteristics multi-dimensionally. The focus is to explore whether such schemes are in coherence with the behavioral attributes of the elderly in Thailand. The ordered logistic regression of data from the Survey of the Older Persons in 2017 recognizes influential behavioral attributes, emphasizing the need to revise policy perceptions. The findings show that variables related not only to health care and direct income provisions but also to decent choices of work, lifelong learning opportunities and community participation and involvement contribute to higher AAI level. Quantity-wise, Thailand has accomplished a wide coverage of health care and income security. Nevertheless, these policies remain passive and incoherent with the overall active ageing behavioral attributes. There is still a policy space to “actively” engage the elderly in the move. By increasing old-age-friendly infrastructures and market incentives in the forms of subsidies and tax schemes for the key players, namely, the elderly, themselves, and the business sectors will promote policy coherence.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Phijaisanit, E. (2021). Thailand’s Ageing Policy in Active Ageing Perspectives. AU-GSB E-JOURNAL, 14(2), 71-82.


Amengual, D., Bueren, J. & Crego, J.A.(2017). Endogenous Health Groups and Heterogenous Dynamics of the Elderly, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 17/18, HEDG, Department of Economics, University of York.

Borsch-Supan, A. & Schnabel, R. (1998). Social security and declining labor force participation in Germany. American Economic Review, 88 (2), 173-178.

Cai, L. (2010). The Relationship between Health and Labour Force Participation: Evidence from a Panel Data Simultaneous Equation Model. Labour Economics, 17(1), 77-90.

Chansarn, S. (2012). Active Ageing of Elderly People and Its Determinants: Empirical Evidence from Thailand. Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, 12(1), 1-18.

Gruber, J. & Wise, D. A. (2005). Social security programs and retirement around the world: fiscal implications, introduction and summary (NBER Working Paper No. 11290). National Bureau of Economic Research.

International Longevity Center (2013). A Profile of Older Japanese 2013. Tokyo: International Longevity Center, Japan.

Jitapunkul, S. & Chayovan, N. (2001). National Policies on Ageing in Thailand. Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.

Kalwij, A. & Vermeulen, F. (2008). Health and Labour Force Participation of Older People in Europe: What do Objective Health Indicators Add to the Analysis? Health Economics. 7(5), 619-638.

National Labor Development Advisory Council (2013). Research Studies on Promoting Career Opportunities and the Work of the Elderly. Bureau of Labor Economy. Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Labor, Thailand. (in Thai).

National Statistical Office (2017). Active Ageing Index of Thai Elderly. National Statistical Office, Thailand, Ministry of Labor, Thailand. (in Thai).

Phijaisanit, E. (2015). How can Promoting “Desirable” Elderly Employment Opportunities Alleviate the Shortfalls of Thailand’s Ageing Society? Thammasat Review of Economic and Social Policy, 2(1), 124-171.

Saengprachaksakula, S. (2014). Active Ageing of Thai Elderly. Journal of Social Sciences Srinakharinwirot University. 17, 231-248. (in Thai).

Thanakwang, K. & Soonthorndhada, K. (2006). Attributes of Active Ageing among Older Persons in Thailand: Evidence from the 2002 Survey. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 21(3), 113-135.

Theparat, C. & Chantanusornsiri, W. (2018, March 1). Elderly local travel incentives considered. Bangkok Post.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe & European Commission (2015). Active Ageing Index 2014: Analytical Report. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (Geneva) and European Commission’s Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion (Brussels).

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe & European Commission (2019). 2018 Active Ageing Index: Analytical. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (Geneva) and European Commission’s Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion (Brussels).

World Health Organization (2002). Active Ageing: A Policy Framework. A Contribution of the World Health Organization to the Second United Nations World Assembly on Ageing.

Zaidi, A. et al. (2017). Measuring active and healthy ageing in Europe. Journal of European Social Policy, 27 (2), 138-157.

Zaidi, A. et al. (2019). Active Ageing Index for China: Comparative Analysis with EU Member States and South Korea. EU-China Social Protection Reform Project.