Management Model for Development Institute of Physical Education Towards A Sport University
AbstractThe objectives of this research were 1) to study successful sport universities from overseas, 2) to study readiness of the Institute of Physical Education towards becoming a sport university, 3) to study the feasibility of the Institute of Physical Education towards becoming a sport university, and 4) to present a development model for the Institute of Physical Education to become a sport university. The research, using a mixed method, was both qualitative and quantitative. The sample group was purposively sampled, consisting of 350 executive officers from Ministry of Tourism and Sports, Ministry of Education, Sports Authority of Thailand, Institute of Physical Education, Department of Physical Education, Office of the Higher Education Commission, Olympic Committee of Thailand and Sports Association. Tools such as feasibility evaluation form, data analysis through descriptive statistics, percentage, frequency, qualitative analysis and content analysis were used to explain Best Practices, necessity, readiness and foreign successful possibility. The research findings showed that: 1) sport universities namely Korea National Sport University, Beijing Sport University, and American Sports University commonly owned an efficient Sport University administration by specifying administrative policy, vision, mission, teaching, curriculums and fields in accordance with social needs. 2) regarding the readiness towards becoming a sport university, the Institute of Physical Education was ready according to the Higher Education standards which were: 1. Standard in potential and readiness of education management, consisting of 4 sub-standards: (1) Physicality (2) Readiness in education management (3) Finance (4) Administration; and 2. Standard in carrying out the mission of the higher education institution, consisting of 4 sub-standards (1) Graduate Production (2) Research (3) Educational Service to society (4) Art and Cultural Conservation; 3) regarding the possibility towards becoming a sport university, the Institute of Physical Education had potential and suitability in Technology an System, Economics, Laws, Operation, Schedule and Human Resources (Burch, 1992; Feasibility Study: Five common factor, TELOS). It also had potential in Higher Education Standards regarding institution establishment: 1) Strategy 2) Sport University Structure 3) Landscape Architecture 4) Technology 5) Curriculums 6) Students 7) Graduates’ Particularities 8) Administration 9) Human Resources 10) Budget Research 11) Educational and Social Services 12) Art and Culture Conservation, as feasibility budget evaluation; and 4) The development model for Institute of Physical Education to become a sport university is to be a specialized university, dividing management into 4 regions. Each region will select one campus as a Sport University's location, having campuses and sports schools within the region as its subordinate sectors. In conclusion, a Sport University has 4 key missions i.e. 1) to provide Undergraduate and Post-graduate courses according to the specified standard criteria; 2) to study, research and develop knowledge and innovations regarding Physical Education, Sports, recreation, Sports Science, Health Science and other related fields; 3) to provide academic services to the community and the society, especially sports services; and 4) to maintain the art and culture, focusing on using and developing technology in order to build and strengthen a learning society in the region, meet the social needs as well as be able to compete internationally.