Promotes Positive Knowledge, Skills, Attitudinal, Fitness, and Desirable Behavioral Changes in Pre-Service Physical Education Teachers


  • Nattika Penglee Ph.D., Lecturer, Department of Physical Education, Kasetsart University, Thailand.
  • Natrapee Polyai Ph.D., Lecturer, Department of Physical Education, Kasetsart University, Thailand.
  • Wichan Mawinthorn Ph.D., Lecturer, Department of Physical Education, Kasetsart University, Thailand.
  • Edwin Rosenberg Ph.D. Professor, Department of Sociology, Appalachian State University, USA.


Alternative Assessment, Pre-Service Physical Education Teacher, Swimming Logs


Alternative assessment is a nontraditional, holistic way to assess students. It is beneficial, in physical education training, for the instructor to apply a variety of appropriate assessment tools. The purpose of this research was to study pre-service physical education teachers’ perception of skills, attitude, knowledge, fitness, and other desirable characteristics by using swimming logs (SL) as assessment tools. Participants were 19 males and 11 females (mean age =18.07), all of whom were pre-service physical education teachers at Kasetsart University. Participants recorded their swimming distances outside of class for 6 weeks, with a goal of 1,500 meters. After 6 weeks they provided learning, behavioral and attitudinal self-perceptions via a reflection form. Quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, while qualitative data were analyzed via content analysis. The qualitative findings identified five pertinent domains of physical education instruction. The results suggest the potential of SL as an alternative assessment that can positively enhance learners’ selfconcept, motivation, and skill development.


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