• Ferry Hidayat

DOI: 10.59865/prajn.2024.1
Published: 2024-01-29


cross-cultural philosophy; visualizations of philosophy; world philosophy, colonialism; modernity


While the process of influence between various cultural and
historical traditions in philosophy has been taking place
for thousands of years, this inter-cultural interaction is
occurring at a more accelerated pace in the information age.
While philosophers throughout history have used visual
representations to understand philosophical influence and
historical origins and the distribution of philosophical ideas
and sub-disciplines, this paper stresses the importance of
philosophical visualizations to represent the global interactivity
of philosophy. It provides various visualizations to
represent global philosophical interaction, the penetration of
Western philosophical ideas into non-Western philosophical
traditions, and the appropriation of non-Western traditions
by Western philosophers. Such visualizations are important
in the contemporary age to promote regional philosophies,
to understand philosophical influence and to understand the
promotion of a kind of pluralism which remains engaged
with the global world.

Author Biography

Ferry Hidayat

Faculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta Indonesia.


Adamson, Peter & Taylor, Richard C. (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Adamson, Peter. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 3. Oxford University Press, 2016.

Adamson, Peter. (2019). Medieval Philosophy: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 4. Oxford University Press, 2019.

Adamson, Peterson. Byzantine and Renaissance Philosophy: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 6. Oxford University Press, 2022.

Adams, Charles C. Islam and Modernism in Egypt. Russell & Russell, 1968.

Al-Khalili, Jim. The House of Wisdom: How Arabic Science Saved Ancient Knowledge and Gave Us the Renaissance. The Penguin Press, 2011.

Bacon, Francis. The Advancement of Learning. The Floating Press Ltd., 2010

Bellah, Robert N. & Joas, Hans (eds.). The Axial Age and Its Consequences. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2012.

Bevilacqua, Alexander. The Republic of Arabic Letters. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2018.

Bilimoria, Purushottama & Rayner, Amy. (eds.). History of Indian Philosophy. Routledge, 2018.

Booney, Richard. Jihād: From Quran to Bin Laden. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Bynum, Terrell Ward. "Philosophy in the Information Age." Metaphilosophy, 41 no. 3 (2010): 420-442,

Chokr, Nader N. ‘Philosophy’—After the End of Philosophy: In A Globalizing and Glocalizing World. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Craig, Edward. The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge, 2005.

Creel, H.G. Chinese Thought: From Confucius to Mao Tse-tung. Mentor Book, 1960.

Curtin, Philip D. "The Black Experience of Colonialism and Imperialism." Daedalus 103 no. 2 (1974) Slavery, Colonialism, and Racism: 17-29

Descartes, Rene. (2002). The Principles of Philosophy.

Dever, Josh. (2006). ‘Academic Genealogy of Philosophers’.

Durant, Will. The Story of Philosophy: The Lives and Opinions of The Greater Philosophers. Simon and Schuster, 1926.

Dussel, Enrique. Philosophy of Liberation. Orbis Books, 1985.

Dussel, Enrique. "A New Age in the History of Philosophy: the World Dialogue Between Philosophical Traditions." Prajňá Vihára: Journal of Philosophy and Religion, 9 no. 1 (2008): 1-22.

El Fadl, Khaled Abou. The Great Theft: Wrestling Islam from the Extremists. Harper One, 2007.

Esposito, John L. Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam. Oxford University Press, 2002.

Fakhry, Majid. A History of Islamic Philosophy, 3rd edition. Columbia University Press, 2004.

Farrow, Robert. (2012). “Visual and Philosophical Pedagogies”, proceeding at the 3rd Visual Learning Conference, the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary, 2012.

Ghosh, B.N. (ed.). Contemporary Issues in Development Economics. Routledge, 2001.

Gombrowicz, Witold. A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes. Yale University Press, 2004.

Gripaldo, Rolando M. Filipino Philosophy: A Western Tradition in an Eastern Setting, 2013.

Haeng-hoon, Lee. “The Historical Semantics of the Modern Korean Concept of Philosophy” Korea Journal, 51 no. 2 (2011): 81-109

Hashmi, Sohail H. (ed.). Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Hanioglu, M. Sükrü. Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography. Princeton University Press, 2011.

Hidayat, Ferry. Sketsa Sejarah Filsafat Indonesia, 2nd edition. Tazakka Press, 2023.

Hongladarom, Soraj. & Vanichaka, Parkpume. “A brief history of Western philosophy in Thailand: mid seventeenth to the end of twentieth century.” Asian Journal of Philosophy 1 no. 1 (2022).

Humphreys, Sara & Kelly, Erin (eds.), Why Write? A Guide for Students in Canada.

Huysmans, Jef. "Post-Cold War Implosion and Globalisation: Liberalism Running Past Itself?" Millenium: Journal of International Studies, 24 no. 3 (1995): 471-487

James, David. (2012). “Will Durant and The Story of Philosophy”.

Jaspers, Karl. The Origin and Goal of History. Yale University Press, 1953.

Katsuhito, Inoue. (2016). "The Philosophical World of Meiji Japan: The Philosophy of Organism and Its Genealogy." European Journal of Japanese Philosophy, 1(2016): 9-30

Kaushik, Sanjay K. Dewey Decimal Classification: A Practical Manual of 23rd Edition. Ess Ess Publications, 2012.

Kennedy, E.S. & Ghanem, Imad (eds.) The Life & Work of Ibn al-Shātir: An Arab Astronomer of the Fourteenth Century. University of Aleppo, 1976.

Kennedy, E.S. (ed.) Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences. American University of Beirut, 1983.

Lasquety-Reyes, Jeremiah A. Loob and Kapwa: Thomas Aquinas and A Filipino Virtue Ethics, PhD dissertation at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Humanities and Social Sciences Group, Institute of Philosophy, Belgium., 2015.

Llull, Ramon. (1744). Logica Nova: jam Valentiae impressa anno 1512 et nunc Palmae cum libris Logica Parva, de quinque praedicalibus & decem predicamentis et de natura, Palmae Balear, 1744.

Min-Hong, Choi. (1983). A Modern History of Korean Philosophy. Seong Moon SA, 1983.

Muhammad, HRH Prince Ghazi bin & Kalin, Ibrahim & Kamali, Muhammad Hashim (eds.) War and Peace in Islam: The Uses and Abuses of Jihad. The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, 2013.

Neugebauer, Otto. The Exact Sciences in Antiquity, 2nd edition. Dover Publications, Inc., 1969.

‘Nodyn: Timeline of ancient philosophers’.

Palmquist, Stephen. The Tree of Philosophy: A Course of Introductory Lectures for Beginning Students of Philosophy. Philopsychy Press, 2000.

Prashad, Vijay. Everybody was Kung Fu Fighting: Afro-Asian Connections and the Myth of Cultural Purity. Beacon Press, 2001.

Rahilly, Alfred J. "Averroism and Scholasticism." Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 2. no. 7 (1913).

Raper, Simon. (2012). "Graphing The History of Philosophy."

Roback, A.A. “Reviewed Work(s): The Story of Philosophy by Will Durant”, The Philosophical Review, March 1927, Vol. 36, No. 2 (March, 1927), Duke University Press, 1927.

Seung-Hwan, Lee. “‘Doing Philosophy’ on the Periphery”, Korea Journal, 47 no.1 (2007): 126-151

Shariati, Ali. (2005). “Mission of a Free Thinker”, published online at

Tikhonov, Vladimir. Social Darwinism and Nationalism in Korea: the Beginnings (1880s-1910s), “Survival” as an Ideology of Korean Modernity. Brill, 2010.

Toynbee, Arnold. The World and The West. Oxford University Press., 1957.

Van Lente, Fred. & Dunlavey, Ryan. Action Philosophers! The People’s Choice, Issue 6. Evil Twin Comics, 2006.

Westad, Odd Arne. The Global Cold War. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Wright, Richard. The Colour Curtain: A Report on the Bandung Conference. Dennis Dobson, 1955.

Wu, Albert. "Ernst Faber and the Consequences of Failure: A Study of a Nineteenth-Century German Missionary in China." Central European History 47 no. 1 (2014): 1-29,