The Student’s Self-Designed Learning Activities Influencing Their Learning Achievement: A Case Study of an English Tutorial Center in Krabi


  • Onnicha Ariyawong
  • Thanawan Phongsatha, PhD


cognitive style, learning achievement, learning activity, learning need, learning style, lifelong learning, self-awareness, self-designed learning activity, student-centered


The implementation of the “self-designed learning activities” method in fifteen secondary school students who were conveniently selected at an English tutorial center in Krabi has been explored. The investigation was carried out by employing the pretest and post-test to determine the level of their knowledge prior to and after implementing self-designed activities. The observation during 36 hours classroom participation had been recorded to see levels of their skills improvement. The questionnaires were used to identify a level of students’ perceptions towards the program whether it is statistically significantly different from the neutral level (3.42). The results revealed that the post-test score was higher than the pretest .  The number of students who had generally improved those skills was greater during classroom observation.  In addition, the students rated their perceptions towards self-designed learning activities at 4.45, which was statistically significantly higher than the value of 3.42 as hypothesized. It can be concluded that the self-designed learning activities effectively help to enhance students’ learning interests as well as their performance in the subject matter. These findings are also particularly relevant and beneficial to teachers and facilitators as the teaching designers who design the lesson plan in order to increase students’ learning achievement.




Ahsan, M. M., Hoque, A. K., & Rashid, A. Z. (2014). Knowledge, attitude and perception of local people of Baiddyyamari village towards tiger conservation: A case study from the Sundarbans of Bangladesh. In M. A. Khan, The Festschrift on the 50th anniversary of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species : compilation of papers and abstracts (p. 164). Bangladesh: IUCN Bangladesh.

BC Ministry of Education. (2011). Assets: BC's Education. Retrieved December 6, 2014, from BC's Education: _edu_plan.pdf

Birkholz, G. (2004). Students’ Self- Identified Learning Needs: A Case Study of Baccalaureate Students Designing Their Own Death and Dying Course Curriculum. The Journal of nursing education , 1 (43), 36.

Brown, D. F. (2001). Self-Directed Learning in an 8th Grade Classroom. Educational leadership, 1 (60), 54.

Brown, J. K. (2008). Student-centered Instruction: Involving Students in Their Own Education. Music Educators Journal, 95(4).

Cameron, B. (2012). SelfDesign; Unfolding Our Infinite Wisdom Within. Megan Morrison and Ilana Cameron. Unabridged. (2016). Retrieved July 8, 2016, 2015 from website http://www.

Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The Psychology of Attitudes. In A. H. Eagly, & S. Chaiken, The Psychology of Attitudes (p. 1). Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.

Emory University. (2014, October 28). t-test for Dependent Means. Retrieved March 21, 2015, from Department of Psychology at Emory: http://www. se/Tutorials/TOM/meanstests/ m

European Commission. (2006). Classification of learning activities - Manual. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2006.

Furniss, E. (n.d.). Assessing Learning Achievement. UNICEF New York .

Good, J. M. (1998). Empowering students while promoting literacy skills in a. Reading Improvement, 3 (35), 120.

Hanover Research. (2012). Best Practices in Personalized Learning Environments (Grades 4 – 9). Washington DC: District Administration Practice. Holt, J. (1974). ESCAPE FROM CHILDHOOD: The Needs and Rights of Children. Boston: Duttun.

Kendra, C. (2017). Attitudes, how they form, change, and shape behavior. Retrieved from June 30, 2017, from

Krabi Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Area 13. (2014). Student by Jurisdiction, Sex and Grade: Academic Year 2014.

Lord, T., Travis, H., Magill, a., & King, L. (2002). Comparing Student-Centered and Teacher-Centered Instruction in College Biology Labs. In H. T. Tom Lord. PA: Department of Biology Weyandt Hall Indiana University of Pennsylvania Indiana.

Master, M. (2011). Learn your way!: selfdesigning the life you really want, starting now. Canada: SelfDesign Learning Systems.

Mzailani. (2014). Model of perception that the Qur'an and science is harmony. Singapore: Partridge Publishing.

OECD. (2011). Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education: Lessons from PISA for the United States. OECD Publishing.

Office of the Education Council. (2008). Education in Thailand 2007. Bangkok: Office of the Education Council.

O'Neill, E. (2010). The ministry’s 21st century obsession. Teacher.

Promyod, N. (2013). Investigating the Shifts in Thai Teachers’ Views of Learning and Pedagogical Practices While Adopting an Argument-Based Inquiry Approach. In N. Promyod, Investigating the Shifts in Thai Teachers' Views of Learning and Pedagogical Practices While Adopting an Argument-Based Inquiry Approach (pp. 5-9). Iowa Research Online.

Salkind, N. J. (2012). Sampling and Generalizability. In N. J. Salkind, Exploring Research (pp. 102-104). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, United States of America: Pearson Education, Inc.

School District No 38 (Richmond). (2012, February 6). Board_Agendas: Richmond School District No.38. Retrieved December 3, 2014, from Richmond School District No.38: 0EducationPlan.pdf

Sekaran, U. (1992). Research Method for Business: A Skill Approach. New York, John Willey.

Self Design Learning Community. (2014). SelfDesign. Retrieved January 3, 2015, from SelfDesign:

SelfDesign Learning Foundation. (2008). SelfDesign Global. Retrieved November 31, 2014, from SelfDesign Global: http://www.self-

Slimmity. (2011, August). Learning Achievement. Retrieved March 13, 2015, from com/2011/08/ ml

Tomar, R. (2009). Area of Comercail Operations Management. In R. Tomar, COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT: Process and Technology to Support . (p. 111). New Delhi: Global India Publications.

Watson, L. (2003). Lifelong Learning in Australia. Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth.