The Use of Personal Photographs in Writing in a Project-Based Language Learning: A Case Study


  • Ni Made Ratminingsih Ganesha University of Education


personal photograph, project-based learning


Writing is an important skill needs to be acquired by EFL students in senior secondary schools. However, for most of them, it is considered difficult. This was a case study which aimed at finding out the students‘perception on their problems in writing and utilization of personal photographs. In this project-based language learning (PBL), the students worked in a group to accomplish their writing project. The subjects were 6 students who were determined purposively taking into account on their problems in writing. The results proved that all students conveyed that writing activity became easier since they were helped by their memory shown in their personal photos. The experiences they had guided them to brainstorm the ideas of what to write, thus organizing writing of the paragraphs became much easier. They also stated that writing was more fun and interesting since they could express their feeling freely based on their photos. They finally affirmed that their writing improved through the use of their personal photographs. This could be proven from the result of score achieved which was categorized as good.

Author Biography

Ni Made Ratminingsih, Ganesha University of Education

English Education Department, Ganesha University of Education, the only state university of education in Bali.


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