AU-eJournal of Interdisciplinary Research (ISSN: 2408-1906) <p>Welcome to AU-eJIR an on-line scholarly journal of interdisciplinary research published by the Graduate School of eLearning (GSeL). Assumption University-eJournal of Interdisciplinary Research (AU-eJIR) is a biannual journal available on-online which focuses on current critical and creative research. This journal seeks to promote original research and cultivate fruitful dialogues among academics, researchers, and graduate students.</p> <p>The scope of eJIR: Interdisciplinary research papers submitted in the following areas will be given priority:</p> <p><strong>Computer Sciences, Information Technology, Digital Learning, Teaching and Technology, Digital Economy, Business, and Management</strong></p> Graduate School of Business and Advanced Technology Management, Assumption University (GS-BATM), Bangkok, Thailand en-US AU-eJournal of Interdisciplinary Research (ISSN: 2408-1906) 2408-1906 A separate Copyright Form will be sent to authors whose paper is accepted for publication. MESSAGE FROM THE DEAN <p>Let me first congratulate and wish Merry Christmas and a very Happy New Year 2021 to all the authors and contributors to the new edition of eJIR. I am sure that every new opportunity in this new year will lead to a better life in 2021 and beyond. May the next edition of eJIR to be published in July 2021 bring more happiness, excitement, and sweet surprises to your doorstep!..... <strong>Download the file</strong></p> Kuldeep Nagi Copyright (c) 2020 Kuldeep Nagi 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 PERCEPTIONS AND ATTITUDES OF UPPER MYANMAR STUDENTS AND PARENTS TOWARDS ONLINE LEARNING: A CASE STUDY OF AN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL IN MANDALAY DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC <p>The aim of this study was to analyse and compare students’ and parents’ perceptions and attitudes towards online learning. The research took place at an international school in Mandalay, currently undergoing a period of online learning due to the Covid-19 pandemic. A seeming widespread disinclination towards this form of instruction lead to a focus on perceptions and attitudes and use of the Technology Acceptance Model. The reason for comparing the generations was to determine whether students, ‘digital natives’, would take more readily to online learning than their ‘digital immigrant’ parents, often deemed members of a ‘missing generation’ in Myanmar. Data and opinions were collected via electronic questionnaires from a total of 305 participants and examined using statistical analysis software. Multiple Linear Regression analyses were carried out to determine the influence of the independent variables, perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness, on attitude in both generations. A t-test was also conducted to compare values between generations. Perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness were shown to be good predictors for attitude in both generations, confirming results of earlier studies. No significant variances could be found in<br>students’ and parents’ attitudes. However, there was a statistically significant difference for perceived usefulness, which contradicted the assumption that students would see more value in online learning than their parents. Opinions provided additional contextual data and highlighted several overriding concerns. Future research should widen the scope and examine<br>actual use and effectiveness of online learning tools.</p> Michael Garton Athipat Cleesuntorn Copyright (c) 2020 Michael Garton, Athipat Cleesuntorn 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 THE ROLE OF BUSINESS ANALYTICS IN E-COMMERCE <p>E-Commerce is a dynamic industry because of its rapidly changing technology.&nbsp; E-commerce performs a vital role in business phenomena in trading products and services. It provides extraordinary features in the business growth of the country's economy.&nbsp; E-Commerce firms are spending huge amounts of money on Data Analytics to extract actionable insights from larger datasets. Data-driven business insights are crucial for the E-Commerce sector to measure the changing market trends and consumer behavior. The business sector is grown-up to greater heights with the involvement of Data Analytics in E-Commerce. E-Commerce Analytics designed to analyze and predict the future trends of the market to attain a competitive advantage. However, E-Commerce may contain some critical challenges apart from the opportunities.&nbsp; This paper highlights the role of Data Analytics perceived as a value creator for the E-Commerce industry to attain competitive advantage.</p> Jogannagari Malla Reddy S.V.A.V. Prasad Copyright (c) 2021 Kuldeep Nagi 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM <p>This study focused on the experimental evaluation of an air-conditioning system of its coefficient of performance. The performance of any vapor compression system is evaluated by the operational coefficient of performance (COP). The aim was to evaluate the effect of parameters that affect the COP of a refrigeration system. Measurements of important operational parameters such as the evaporator and condenser temperatures were studied and measured from the system. Other relevant parameters such as the humidity of both the supply air and that of the space to be conditioned were also studied and measured. Experimental data were generated for 30 days to determine the performance of the air-conditioning system. Performance evaluation of the system was determined in terms of refrigerating capacity and COP. In this present study, the load was estimated, refrigerating effect, work input, and COP was estimated. The estimated results from the experimentation showed that the operational COP of the air-conditioning system range from 3.41 0.02 to 4.98 0.02. Efficiency requirement in Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) for the air- conditioning system was estimated as 9.2. The coefficient of determination, R<sup>2</sup> value also showed that the variables being compared have a strong correlation.</p> Tunji John Erinle Adebisi Olayinka Akinola Olanrewaju Moses Adesusi Idonorewrene Amudo Agbamu Copyright (c) 2021 Tunji John Erinle, Adebisi Olayinka Akinola, Olanrewaju Moses Adesusi, Idonorewrene Amudo Agbamu 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 UNDERSTANDING UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES’ ATTRIBUTION STYLES IN ACADEMIC PROCRASTINATION <p>The study investigated university undergraduates’ attribution styles in academic procrastination. It further analyzed specific responses of the undergraduates’ academic procrastination based on attribution styles. This study adopted a survey design of correlational type. The sample size for the study comprised 1,800 university undergraduates selected through the use of a multistage sampling process. A researcher designed a questionnaire titled: Paradigm Model of Academic Procrastination Questionnaire (PMAPQ). Items in PMAPQ were generated based on the outcome of a grounded theory of procrastination as reported by Schraw, Wadkins, and Olafson (2007). This instrument was pilot-tested on 40 university undergraduates, using an internal consistency approach; a Cronbach’s Alpha value of 0.78 was obtained. Data were analyzed using mean, percentage, and charts. Results revealed that 48.4% of the students attributed procrastination in academics to task-related characteristics, 27.3% attributed procrastination to self-related characteristics while 24.3% attributed their procrastination in academic task to teachers related characteristics. Results further showed that 84.03% of the students who attributed procrastination to task-characteristics procrastinated when the task is not their priority; 84.80% of those with self-related characteristics attribution procrastinated when the task is boring while 79.21% of those with teacher-related characteristics attribution procrastinated when course instructors give clear instruction on the task to be done. The study concludes that university undergraduates in Southwest Nigeria attribute their procrastinatory behaviors more to task and self-characteristics than teacher-related characteristics. The study, therefore, recommends that the undergraduates need to be taught how to be more proactive in their learning/study habits with adequate skills in self-regulated learning to tackle the incidence of academic procrastination.</p> AJAYI Oluwagbemiga Samson Copyright (c) 2021 AJAYI Oluwagbemiga Samson 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 PERCEPTIONS OF BUILDERS AND FOREMEN ON SKILLS IMPROVEMENT NEEDS OF CRAFTSMEN IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA <p>This study was carried out to determine the Perceptions of Builders and foreman on skills improvement needs of Craftsmen in Construction Industries in Bauchi State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The target population for the study was 61 respondents made up of 34 Builders and 27 Foremen in the Construction Industries. A 63 items structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts and Cronbach Alfa statistic was used to ascertain the extent of sameness of the items and a reliability coefficient of 0.824 was obtained. Data was collected and analyzed using a statistical package for social science (SPSS Version 22), weighted mean, standard deviation, and Improvement Need Index (INI) was used to answer the research questions while z-test statistic was used to test the null hypotheses. The findings of this study revealed that the whole 50 skills items were required, 22 out of 50 skills items were not possessed and 48 out of 50 skills items were the skills gap. It was therefore recommended amongst others that the construction industries should utilize the identified skills gap that exists to sponsorship their craftsmen for a re-training program in order to improve their skills deficiencies.</p> Karfe, Roseline Yusuf IdrisAbubakar Mohammed Abdullahi Mohammed Hassan Copyright (c) 2021 Karfe, Roseline Yusuf, IdrisAbubakar Mohammed, Abdullahi Mohammed Hassan 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 THE IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON EDUCATIONAL LANDUSE IN SULEJA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA <p>Urbanization has impacts on social change and modernization which are parts of a continuum rather than empirically separate issues. Suleja has been surrounded by growing settlements whose influence constantly threatens the infrastructural facilities. There has been difficulty monitoring the extent and rapidity of the changes occurring within the area. The research aimed to assess the changes in educational land use in Suleja between 2009 and 2019 and also to identify the magnitude of the change. 375 questionnaires were administered in a proportion of intervals of houses based on the arrangement in the study area to acquire the socio-economic characteristics of the area. Population data was also used to analyze growth pattern(s) in the area and a field survey was carried to ascertain the numbers of schools in the study area. It was discovered that 4708sqm of land was used for educational purposes as of 2000 and there was an increase to 8552sqm as of 2012 and 127431.8sqm in 2019. The study also noted that the majority of schools within the residential areas are privately owned.&nbsp; It also noted that the majority of private own schools were within the residential areas. It was therefore recommended that a New Master Plan for Suleja should be developed because the only available one was developed in 1986.</p> Adamu Abubakar, Adamu Bala, Shidali Samuel David, Habib Abdullahi, Yisa Moses Kodan5 Copyright (c) 2021 Adamu Abubakar, Adamu Bala, Shidali Samuel David, Habib Abdullahi, Yisa Moses Kodan5 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINING MANUAL FOR MAINTENANCE OF POWER SUB-SYSTEM OF RADIO AND DIGITAL VERSATILE DISC PLAYER FOR ELECTRONICS CRAFTSMEN <p>This study developed appropriate maintenance contents for training craftsmen in the power subsystem of the Radio and DVD player. One research question and one hypothesis guided the study. The study is Research and Development (R&amp;D) and employed Wheeler’s model for instructional material development. The population for the study was 58 respondents which consisted of 32 electronics teachers in all the accredited science and technical colleges offering electronics trade and 26 master craftsmen with the NDE States head offices in the North-Central States of Nigeria. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire. The questionnaire solicited information on appropriate maintenance contents for training craftsmen in the power sub-system and has 89 structured question items organized under objective, task criteria, teaching content, and tools/materials. Data collected was analyzed using mean for the research question and t-test for the hypothesis. Emerging findings revealed appropriate maintenance objectives, task criteria, teaching content, and tools and materials for training craftsmen in the power sub-system. Some of the findings are; verify AC supply, verify the functioning of rectifiers, test the ON/OFF contacts of the main switch, replace and solder rectifier chip. Recommendations made include Radio and DVD player maintenance training module should be included in the craftsmen training program in Nigeria and the developed training manual should be adopted for training and retraining of craftsmen in the maintenance of R and DVD player.&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Ajunwa Joseph, Raymond Emmanuel, Usman Abrahanam Usm & Ayanda Samuel Owodunni Copyright (c) 2021 Kuldeep Nagi 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 IDENTIFICATION OF TASKS AND PROCEDURES NECESSARY FOR ASSESSING PRACTICAL WORK IN BLOCK/BRICKLAYING AND CONCRETING IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN NIGER STATE <p>This study was designed to identify tasks and procedures necessary for assessing practical work in Buck/Block laying and concreting in Technical colleges in Niger state. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. Two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at the probability of 0.005 level of significance. Twenty-Nine structured questionnaire items were developed and used for the study while three experts were engaged to face-validate the instrument. The instrument was pilot tested on 15 students and the reliability coefficient of the entire instrument was 0.87. Descriptive Survey Research Design was used for study, the respondents for the study were 69 made up of 49 building Technology Teachers, and 20 Registered Builders. The major findings of the study include among others that, some tasks have been identified appropriate for inclusion in the instrument for assessing practical work in Brick/Block laying and concreting in Technical colleges in Niger State. It was recommended that Brick/Block laying and concreting teachers should be acquainted with the developed instrument to enhance the uniform standards in assessing student’s practical work.</p> Tsado N. Ibrahim & Dr. Umar B. Kudu Copyright (c) 2021 Tsado N. Ibrahim & Dr. Umar B. Kudu 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 CALL FOR PAPERS <p>**</p> Kuldeep Nagi Copyright (c) 2020 Kuldeep Nagi 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1 PAPER FORMAT - PDF <p>PAPER FORMAT- PLEASE FOLLOW THE GUIDELINES</p> Kuldeep Nagi Copyright (c) 2020 Kuldeep Nagi 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 6 1