Relationships between Situational Factors and Leadership Styles in Chengdu Institute Sichuan International Studies University (Cisisu), P.R.C.
Keywords:Situational Factors, Leadership Style, Transactional Leadership, Transformational Leadership, Leader-Member Exchange, Task Structure, Position Power
AbstractThis study was conducted to identify and analyze the relationships between situational factors and leadership styles in the Chengdu Institute Sichuan International Studies University (CISISU), China. This study uses a sample of 196 administrators, taken from a population of 400 administrators. The sample was selected from 198 respondents who returned completed surveys using purposive random sampling technique. The instrument content was based on literature reviews, related research and experiences. Questionnaires were used to identify demographic information and to measure the situational factors (Leader-Member-Exchange, Task Structure, and Position Power) and the perceived leadership styles for effective leadership (transactional and transformational leadership styles). The research found a model “Optimal Choice of Leadership Styles for Effective Leadership” for the studied university based on the research results of relationships between situational factors and leadership styles and gives corresponding suggestions for application and further research based on related research objectives and results.