Effectiveness of the Incredible Years Parent Training Program on the Level of Anxiety, Depression, Stress, and Self-Efficacy of Mothers with ADHD Diagnosed Children in Iran
Keywords:ADHD, IY Parent Training Program, Iranian Mothers’ Anxiety, Stress, Depression, and Self efficacy
The present study investigated the effectiveness of the Incredible Years Parent Training Program on the level of depression, anxiety, stress, and self-efficacy of mothers with ADHA-diagnosed children in Iran. The study employed a between-groups (intervention versus non-intervention) repeated-measures design (pre-training - post-training). The intervention (experimental) group consisted of 22 mothers, while the non-intervention (control group) consisted of 23 mothers. The total sample of 45 mothers, whose children were diagnosed with ADHD, was recruited randomly from three child psychiatry clinics in Tehran, Iran. MANOVA for repeated measures analysis yielded significant differences for depression, anxiety, stress, and self-efficacy scores between the experimental and control groups of Iranian mothers after the Incredible Years Parent Training Intervention Program. More specifically, the results showed that the Incredible Year's Parent Training had positive effects on the Iranian mothers' reported levels of depression, anxiety, stress, and self-efficacy. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for the recommendation of the Incredible Years Parent Training Program as an effective intervention strategy for reducing the levels of depression, anxiety, stress, and self-efficacy of mothers with ADHD-diagnosed children in Iran.