A Comparative Study of Grade 7 Students’ English Reading and Writing Self-Efficacy for Learning English as a Foreign Language According to Their Academic Program at Saint Dominic School, Bangkok
Keywords:English Reading, English Writing, Self-Efficacy, Learning English as Foreign Language, Academic Program
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the level of English reading and English writing self-efficacy for learning English as a foreign language of Grade 7 students according to their Academic Program at Saint Dominic School, Bangkok. There were 181 students studying English as a foreign language, consisting of 53 students from Academic Program 1, 64 students from Academic Program 2, 32 students from Academic Program 3, and 32 students from Academic Program 4, in Grade 7 at Saint Dominic School, Bangkok, in the academic year 2018. This study followed a quantitative research methodology employing a questionnaire developed by Henk and Melnick (1992, 1996) composing of two parts: the Reader SelfPerception Scale used to address the level of English reading self-efficacy, and the Writer Self-Perception Scale used to address the level of English writing self-efficacy. There were three main elements included in the study: the level of English reading self-efficacy, the level of English writing self-efficacy, and the difference among Academic Program. In this study, the self-efficacy focused on English reading and English writing for learning English as a foreign language. The study found that Grade 7 students among Academic Program had high level of English reading self-efficacy, and average level of English writing self-efficacy. Furthermore, there was a significant difference both in English reading and in English writing self-efficacy among Academic Program. The study concludes with recommendations for practice and for future research.
Al- Khasawneh, F. (2010). Writing for academic purposes: Problems faced by Arab postgraduate students of the college of business. Retrieved from http://www.esp-world.info
Axelsson, S. (2007). The weak language learner. Retrieved from http://www.divaportal.org/smash/get/diva2:205675/FULLTEXT01.pdf
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Towards a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.
Bandura, A. (1978). Reflection on self-efficacy. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy, 1(4), 237-269.
Bandura, A. (2006). Toward a psychology of human agency. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1(2), 164-180.
Barkley, J. M. (2005). Reading education: Is self-efficacy important? Reading Improvement, 43(4), 194-210.
Chea, S. & Shumow, L. (2014). The relationships among writing self-efficacy, writing goal orientation, and writing achievement. Language Education in Asia, (2), 253-269.
Conway, B. (2017). Reading comprehension and self-efficacy. Retrieved from https://opus.govst.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1286&context=capstones
Crystal, D. (2003). English as a global language (2nd ed.). Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Erkan, D. Y., & Saban, A. (2011). Writing performance relative to writing apprehension, self-efficacy in writing, and attitudes towards writing: A correlational study in Turkish tertiary-level EFL. Asian EFL Journal, 13(1), 164-192.
Genc, G. (2016). Exploring EFL learners’ perceived self-efficacy beliefs on English language learning. Australia Journal of Teacher Education, 41(2), 53-68.
Hadomi, P. (2012). The correlation between students’ reading self-efficacy and final grades in academic reading class. Retrieved from http://repository.uksw.edu/bitstream/123456789/6000/2/T1_112007156_Full%20text.pdf
Hager, J, (2017). The relationship of reading self-efficacy and reading achievement in second grade students. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=12111&context=etd
Hashemnejad, F., Zoghi, M., & Amini, D. (2014). The relationship between self-efficacy and writing performance across genders. Retrieved from http://www.journals.aiac.org.au/index.php/IJALEL/article/view/2327/2031
Henk, W.A., & Menick, S.A. (1992). The initial development of a scale to measure perception of self as reader. In C. Kinzer and D. Leu (Eds). Literary research, theory, and practice: Views from many perspectives (pp. 111-117). Forty-first yearbook of the National Reading Conference. Chicago.
Henk, W.A., & Menick, S.A. (1996). Assessing children’s view about themselves as writers using the writer self-perception scale. Reading Teacher, 51, 286-296.
Ho, M. (2016). Exploring writing anxiety and self-efficacy among EFL graduate students in Taiwan. Higher Education Studies, 6(1), 24-39.
Kachru, B. B. (1992). The other tongue: English across culture (2nd ed.). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Khojasteh, L. (2016). The Relationship between writing self-efficacy and writing performance of Irian EFL students. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 5(4), 29-37.
Kirkpatrick, A. (2010). English as a lingual franca in ASEAN: A multilingual model. Retrieved from https://research-repository.griffith.edu.au/bitstream/handle/10072/42297/73943_1.pdf
Latham, G.P. & Pinder, C.C. (2005). Work motivation theory and research at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Annual review of Psychology, 56, 485-516.
Ministry of Education Thailand (MOE). (2006). Towards a learning society in Thailand: Supporting professional development. Retrieved from www.bic.moe.go.th
Ministry of Education Thailand (MOE). (2008). The basic education core curriculum B.E. 2551 (AD 2008). Retrieved from www.bic.moe.go.th
Nes Ferrara, S. L. (2005). Reading fluency and self‐efficacy: A case study. International Journal of Disability, Development & Education, 52(3), 215-231.
Ningsih, T.K. (2014). The correlation between self-efficacy and reading comprehension of second grade students at SMA N1 Moro (Unpublished undergraduate thesis). State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim, Riau, Indonesia.
Office of the Basic Education Commission (OBEC). (2008). Basic education core curriculum B.E. 2551 (A.D. 2008). Retrieved from http://www.act.ac.th/document/1741.pdf
Office of the Education Council, Education in Thailand (OEC). (2009). The national education plan (2002-2016) Framework of education. Retrieved from http://www.edthaicom/publication/edu2004/edu2004.pdf
Piercey, R.R. (2013). Reading self-efficacy in early adolescence: Which measure works best? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Kentucky.
Rahmat, N. H., (2017). Analyzing perceived writing difficulties through the social cognitive theory. International Journal of Social Sciences, 3(2), 1487-1499.
Riswanto, R. (2016). Improving the students’ ability in writing report genre through mind mapping at junior high schools in Sumatera, Indonesia. PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Science, 2 (1), 1-18.
Rutherford-Hemming, T. (2012). Self-efficacy assessment: Nurse practitioner students in a standardized patient simulation. International Journal of Nurse Practitioner Educators, 1(3), 411-412.
Sahin, M. (2016). Writing self-efficacy of international students learning Turkish as a second language. Retrieved from http://www.readingmatrix.com/files/13-64wpvmq1.pdf
Sharifian, F. (Ed.). (2009). English as an international Language: Perspectives and pedagogical issues. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
Tanyer, S. (2015). The role of writing and reading self-efficacy in first-year preservice EFL teachers’ writing performance. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 38-43.
Walker, B.J. (2003). The cultivation of student self-efficacy in reading and writing. Reading and Writing Quarterly: Overcoming Learning Difficulties, 19(2), 173-187.