Human Autonomy and the Overcoming of Alienation in Immaterial Labor with Reference to Zen Buddhism


  • Teerapong Jiaranaidilok Assumption University, Thailand
  • John Giordano Assumption University, Thailand


Immaterial Labor, Semiocapitalism, Alienation, Zen Buddhism


This paper, will be a reflection on the changes in labor and alienation in the information age. It will focus specifically on the concept of immaterial labor and how this effects human autonomy and the consciousness of alienation. The paper will trace these concepts from the writings of Marx, to the approaches of Hardt and Negri and Franco “Bifo” Berardi. It will then show how the shortcomings of these theories which concern human autonomy in the face of the alienation of material labor can be complemented by the insights into practice developed by Zen Buddhism.