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This paper outlines the historical context in which ‘participatory tourism planning’ emerged and links this ideology to the practicality. Key elements of community based planning are summarized. The literature reviewed helps identify several tensions in achieving participatory planning. To move the enquiry forward, it is argued that there is an urgent need for identifying and further examination of five inter-related fundamental issues: (1) who are the affected community or communities? (2) who are tourism stakeholders? (3) who should select stakeholders? (4) who should act as a promoter/convener of the participatory planning? and (5) what methods should be used to attain effective and efficient public participation.
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